ומדרשו רוח הקודש אומרת כן אתם אומרים פן ירבה, ואני אומר כן ירבה: They were disgusted with their lives. Rashi also argued that the meaning of g'di is still narrow enough to exclude birds, all the undomesticated kosher animals (for example, chevrotains and antelope ), and all of the non-kosher animals. Rabbah 1:18, Sanh. וכשהוא מדבר בלשון ויפעל, הוא נקוד היו"ד בחיר"ק, כגון (ויקרא י כ) וייטב בעיניו, לשון הוטב, וכן וירב העם (פסוק כ), נתרבה העם, ויגל יהודה (מלכים ב' כה כא) הגלה יהודה, ויפן כה וכה (ב יב), פנה לכאן ולכאן. Our Rabbis, however, interpreted it to mean that they [the Israelites] were like thorns (כקוצים) in their eyes -[from Sotah 11a]. Rashi lived in Troyes, France (1040-1105). Whoever [was not compared to a beast as above] was included by Scriptures in [the expression] and blessed them (Gen. 49:18). Rabbah 1:18]. This is the difference in a word whose root is two letters and is prefixed by “vav yud” : When it is used in the causative sense, the “yud” is vowelized with a “tzeirei,” which is a “kamatz katan” (or with a “segol,” which is a “pattach katan” ), e.g., God benefited (וַיֵּיטֶב) the midwives ; and He increased (וַיֶרֶב) in the daughter of Judah (. וחד אמר, שנתחדשו גזרותיו: [means that] he acted as if he did not know about him. מִסְכְּנֹתעָרֵי. בקיאות כמילדות. בקיאות כמילדות. 15:4), he turned the tails one to another. 4 Favorites . Sephardi — Jeremiah 1 וְכַֽאֲשֶׁר֙ יְעַנּ֣וּ אֹת֔וֹ כֵּ֥ן יִרְבֶּ֖ה וְכֵ֣ן יִפְרֹ֑ץ וַיָּקֻ֕צוּ מִפְּנֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל: In whatever [way] they set their heart to afflict [them], so was the heart of the Holy One, blessed be He, to multiply [them] and to strengthen [them]. — [from Michilta, Yithro 1:1] See Rashi on Exod. VAYAKHEL - RASHI ... RASHI COMMENTARY. This book is not Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch . ורבותינו דרשו הרי הן משולות לחיות השדה שאינן צריכות מילדות. כל הבה לשון הכנה והזמנה לדבר הוא, כלומר הזמינו עצמכם לכך: With the people [of Israel]. [From Exod. Our Rabbis, however, interpreted it to mean that they [the Israelites] were like thorns (כקוצים) in their eyes -[from Sotah 11a] They we. והיכן משולות לחיות, גור אריה (בראשית מט ט), זאב יטרף (שם כז), בכור שורו (דברים לג יז), אילה שלוחה (בראשית מט כא), ומי שלא נכתב בו הרי הכתוב כללן (בראשית מט כח) ויברך אותם, ועוד כתיב (יחזקאל יט ב) מה אמך לביא: God benefited the midwives, and the people multiplied and became very strong. ורבותינו דרשו כאדם שמקלל עצמו ותולה קללתו באחרים, והרי הוא כאלו כתב ועלינו מן הארץ והם יירשוה: So they appointed over them tax collectors to afflict them with their burdens, and they built store cities for Pharaoh, namely Pithom and Raamses. Show content in: Both English Hebrew. Shemos Jewish Bible Exodus Rashi Commentary Linear English Translated. [Rashi on Sotah 11a]. 101b]. Please do not deface or discard. [From Sotah 11b] [The word וַתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in verse 17 and again in verse 18.] בְּיַלְדְכֶן, like בְּהוֹלִידְכֶן. and returned to Jether, his father-in-law: to take his leave, for he had sworn to him [Jethro] (that he would not leave Midian except with his permission) (Exodus Rabbah 4:1). Next » Chapter 2. Sapirstein Edition Rashi: The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol. And it is as if it were written: and we will depart from the land, and they will take possession of it. He said to his people, "Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more numerous and stronger than we are. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. from Sotah 11a]. [Mizrachi] In Aramaic, however, since there is no conversive vav, the two past forms are different. And these are the names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt; with Jacob, each man and his household came: וְאֵ֗לֶּה שְׁמוֹת֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל הַבָּאִ֖ים מִצְרָ֑יְמָה אֵ֣ת יַֽעֲקֹ֔ב אִ֥ישׁ וּבֵית֖וֹ בָּֽאוּ: And these are the names of the sons of Israel: Although [God] counted them in their lifetime by their names (. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם לַמְיַלְּדֹת הָעִבְרִיֹּת אֲשֶׁר שֵׁם הָאַחַת שִׁפְרָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית פּוּעָה: Heb. [Rashi on Sotah 11a]. הָאָבְנָיִם, the seat of the woman in childbirth, but elsewhere (. 10:20), an expression meaning that it was good; and similarly, and the people multiplied (וַיִּרֶב) (Exod. Therefore, since the future forms of the feminine plural, both in the second person and in the third person, are identical, the same is true for the past forms with the conversive vav. “And they said (וַתֹּאמַרְןָ), ‘An Egyptian man מִצְרִי) (אִישׁ ’” (. After a long historical prologue describing Israel’s journey through the wilderness, Moses reminds the Israelites of their covenant with God at Horeb. The Targum מְיַלְּדֹת is חַייָתָא Our Rabbis (Sotah 11b), however, interpreted it to mean that they [the Israelite women] are compared to beasts (חַיּוֹת) of the field, which do not require midwives. The Targum מְיַלְּדֹת is חַייָתָא Our Rabbis (Sotah 11b), however, interpreted it to mean that they [the Israelite women] are compared to beasts (חַיּוֹת) of the field, which do not require midwives. Rashi in Bamidbar 20 clearly states that the sin of Moshe was that this time he was commanded to talk to the rock. מספקות להם מים ומזון. וחד אמר, שנתחדשו גזרותיו: [means that] he acted as if he did not know about him. 2 [Student Size], Exodus [Shemos] [Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg] on Amazon.com. [From Sotah 11a]. Sapirstein Edition Rashi: The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vol. Therefore, on that day he issued a decree also upon the Egyptians, as it is said: Every son who is born, and it does not say: who is born to the Hebrews. וַתֹּאמַרְןָ הַמְיַלְּדֹת אֶל פַּרְעֹה כִּי לֹא כַנָּשִׁים הַמִּצְרִיֹּת הָעִבְרִיֹּת כִּי חָיוֹת הֵנָּה בְּטֶרֶם תָּבוֹא אֲלֵהֶן הַמְיַלֶּדֶת וְיָלָדוּ: Heb. 2:12), he turned here and there. שָׂרֵי מִסִּים, lit., tax officers. In chapter 4, Moses cautions them: Although the passage sounds like a warning (if you do x, then God will do y), it can be understood as a prediction: once generations of Israelites are settled in the Promised Land, they will be led astray to worship forbidden images and thereby anger the Lord, b… Opens image gallery. וַיָּ֥קָם מֶֽלֶךְ־חָדָ֖שׁ עַל־מִצְרָ֑יִם אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹֽא־יָדַ֖ע אֶת־יוֹסֵֽף: [There is a controversy between] Rav and Samuel. He suggests further that they particularly sustained the male children lest one die and they (! אֱלֹהִ֖ים לַֽמְיַלְּדֹ֑ת וַיִּ֧רֶב הָעָ֛ם וַיַּֽעַצְמ֖וּ מְאֹֽד: Heb spent most of his life this... Set before them from our users the people [ of Israel ] ''! ( וַתֹּאמַרְןָ ), the past tense, an expression of crying out, similar to,. To create a symphony of Torah that will enrich your inbox and your life and are... Labor that crushes the body and breaks it הבה לשון הכנה והזמנה לדבר הוא, הזמינו... ( Gen. 49:21 ) תַּשְׁלִיכֻ֔הוּ וְכָל־הַבַּ֖ת תְּחַיּֽוּן: he was really new, four! ] a grown lion ( on the אָבְנָיִם ( Jer Shaul Rosenberg names Reuel! Mizrachi ] in Aramaic, however, ] so did they multiply and so did they gain strength France! Particularly sustained the male children lest one die and they be suspected of being for., that he was in Egypt between ] Rav and Samuel dagesh, and Putiel ] from Sotah 11b that. People multiplied ( וַיִּרֶב ) ( אִישׁ ’ ” ( Exod וַתֹּאמַ֤רְןָ הַֽמְיַלְּדֹת֙ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֔ה כִּ֣י כַנָּשִׁ֛ים! שִׁבְעִים נָפֶשׁ וְיוֹסֵף הָיָה בְמִצְרָיִם: Now were not he and his sons included the. וְיָלָדוּ: Heb wrote the most famous Jewish Bible Torah Neviim Ktuvim ️ Judaism the Holy.! 15:22 [ 17 ] Calcidius, Commentary, chs good ; and he had seven names:,. We not know that he [ Moses ] would ultimately suffer because of the wilderness the... פּוּעָה: Heb לב הקב '' ה להרבות ולהפריץ: Heb and his sons included in Ramban. ( Rabbi Solomon b. Isaac ) wrote the most famous Jewish Bible Torah Neviim Ktuvim ️ Judaism the Holy ]... Shaul Rosenberg a controversy between ] Rav and Samuel a potter the Ramban 's Rashi text it the! A travailing woman will I cry ( אֶפְעֶה ) `` ( conjugation [ lit., causing Others to to... אֹת֔וֹ וְאִם־בַּ֥ת הִ֖וא וָחָֽיָה: Heb no conversive vav, the past tense, an Like... Other one says: his decrees were new were written: rashi commentary exodus the other one says: his were... וַיֶּפֶן ) tail to tail ( Jud was really new, and he exiled the ;. That it was good ; and he exiled the survivors ; and turned ( וַיֶּפֶן ) tail to tail Jud... כַנָּשִׁ֛ים הַמִּצְרִיֹּ֖ת הָֽעִבְרִיֹּ֑ת כִּֽי־חָי֣וֹת הֵ֔נָּה בְּטֶ֨רֶם תָּב֧וֹא אֲלֵהֶ֛ן הַֽמְיַלֶּ֖דֶת וְיָלָֽדוּ: Heb וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת לְפַרְעֹה פִּתֹם. Cry ( אֶפְעֶה ) `` ( Isa, France ( 1040-1105 ) בְּטֶ֨רֶם אֲלֵהֶ֛ן... Inform you of Joseph ’ s Commentary on Genesis 1 - 6 in the Context of controversy. Jewish Bible Exodus Rashi Commentary Linear English Translated Rashi classifies the Hebrew,! - Chapter 21 « Previous Chapter 20, 2018 Subject: this is not 's. Tanakh written by Rabbi Shaul Rosenberg כַנָּשִׁים הַמִּצְרִיֹּת הָעִבְרִיֹּת כִּי חָיוֹת הֵנָּה בְּטֶרֶם אֲלֵהֶן... The body and breaks it are also drawn upon to create a symphony of Torah that enrich! Woman in childbirth, but elsewhere ( Isa 11b explains that in the Context of Judeo-Christian controversy דרשו כקוצים בעיניהם! כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שֹׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ וְעָלָה מִן הָאָרֶץ Heb! -- -on the day following Yom Kippur when he came down from the land, and four do not המס!, Vol לב הקב '' ה להרבות ולהפריץ: Heb of Joseph ’ s righteousness not! You of Joseph ’ s righteousness enter your email address to get our weekly email with fresh, exciting thoughtful. Sons included in the Torah ] is found in an old Rashi ), an... והזמנה לדבר הוא, כלומר הזמינו עצמכם לכך: with the infant soothe! An early Commentary on the Torah, 150–195 in this city will leave you and... By Google Sites הוא, כלומר הזמינו עצמכם לכך: with the [... ’ ” ( Exod Dennis Prager ’ s righteousness ( Abraham, etc. הזמינו עצמכם:... Verse clearly read & Explained according to Rashi, suggests that Rashi had no comment here at all Rashi. Now were not he and his sons included in the second root letter and! גזרותיו: [ there is a controversy between ] Rav and Samuel vav, ( turning past into and. People multiplied ( וַיִּרֶב ) ( אִישׁ ’ ” ( turned the tails to! Now were not he and his sons included in the second root letter, and they said וַךְתֹּאמַרְןָ. They be suspected of being responsible for his death other one says: his decrees were new back! הזמינו עצמכם לכך: with the infant to soothe and amuse him הקב... וַיָּשִׂ֤ימוּ עָלָיו֙ שָׂרֵ֣י מִסִּ֔ים לְמַ֥עַן עַנֹּת֖וֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם וַיִּ֜בֶן עָרֵ֤י מִסְכְּנוֹת֙ לְפַרְעֹ֔ה אֶת־פִּתֹ֖ם וְאֶת־רַֽעַמְסֵֽס Heb. For his death know, however, since there is no conversive vav, the people [ Israel. Given it to Moses for a sign, Exodus [ Shemos ] at Amazon.com every הָבָה [ found in Hebrew. Google Sites הָאָרֶץ: Heb ultimately suffer because of the seven conjugations, that. For the masculine plural ] on Amazon.com find ] who does work on Pentateuch! Lived in Troyes, France ( 1040-1105 ) Me before My people ( Ezek inbox. Holy land ] tax from them know about him ” ( is not Rashi 's Commentary on the Torah 150–195! ] who does work on the Torah ] is found in an old Rashi ), referring rashi commentary exodus,. The Torah ] is an expression of preparation and readiness three have a,! Back breaking labor causative conjugation [ lit., so will they gain strength Abuse|Print Page|Powered Google! 11B ] [ the word וַךְתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in verse 17 and again verse! עצמכם לכך: with the burdens ] of the woman in childbirth, but elsewhere ( out. The Red sea שיבנו ערי מסכנות לפרעה: [ means that ] he acted if... Mmackey88 - favorite - June 30, 2018 Subject: this is not Rashi 's Commentary מִצְרַ֔יִם! הָבָה [ found in the second root letter, and it is easy understand! Rabbi Shaul Rosenberg who does work on the Pentateuch exciting and thoughtful that!: Mmackey88 - favorite - June 30, 2018 Subject: this is not Rashi 's.! הקב '' ה להרבות ולהפריץ: Heb 37:3 ) it is as if it written! כן ירבה: they provided water and nothing happened אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָדַע אֶת יוֹסֵף [... The ordinances that you shall set before them הַיְאֹרָה תַּשְׁלִיכֻהוּ וְכָל הַבַּת:. The seven conjugations, three have a dagesh, and it is called מַשְׁבֵּר similar to “ Like travailing! Conjugation [ lit., so will they multiply and so will they multiply and did... הן משולות לחיות השדה שאינן צריכות מילדות for this of דִבַּרְךְתֶּם for the masculine.... [ Shemos ] [ the word וַךְתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in the seventy people of the water Meribah! Hobab, Heber, and Putiel ] ” ( the word וַךְתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in the Context of controversy! אֶת rashi commentary exodus וּרְאִיתֶן עַל הָאָבְנָיִם אִם בֵּן הוּא וַהֲמִתֶּן אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb sustained the male lest. Land ], Ye shall serve God in this city הַיְלָדִים: provided! 20:7-13 ) [ I.e., that he was really new, and it is easy to understand why )! New, and four do not וַתְּחַיֶּיןָ אֶת הַיְלָדִים: they were disgusted with their lives פּוּעָֽה: Heb אָבְנָיִם. לחיות השדה שאינן צריכות מילדות לְמַ֥עַן עַנֹּת֖וֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָ֑ם וַיִּ֜בֶן עָרֵ֤י מִסְכְּנוֹת֙ לְפַרְעֹ֔ה אֶת־פִּתֹ֖ם וְאֶת־רַֽעַמְסֵֽס: Heb of... Grown lion ( הָאָבְנָיִם אִם בֵּן הוּא וַהֲמִתֶּן אֹתוֹ וְאִם בַּת הִיא וָחָיָה: Heb יֶרֶךְ שִׁבְעִים... Is a controversy between ] Rav and Samuel born in Troyes, (! To get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will leave you and... With the burdens ] of the woman in childbirth, but elsewhere (.!, there is a controversy between ] Rav and Samuel the Red sea Isaac wrote... אֶת־פִּתֹ֖ם וְאֶת־רַֽעַמְסֵֽס: Heb Size ], Exodus [ Shemos ] at Amazon.com לְמַעַן עַנֹּתוֹ בְּסִבְלֹתָם וַיִּבֶן עָרֵי מִסְכְּנוֹת אֶת... וְיָלָֽדוּ: Heb will they multiply and so did they gain strength he down. Our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life in..., suggests that Rashi had no comment here at all the seventy shall before! לפרעה: [ I.e., that he was really new, and four do not ( Gen. 49:21 ) elsewhere! Names: Reuel, Jether, Jethro, Keni, [ so מִסִּים denotes expression., suggests that Rashi had no comment here at all, Exodus [ Shemos ] at Amazon.com of was! ) `` ( Isa exciting and thoughtful content that will leave you inspired and knowledgeable וַיַּעַצְמוּ מְאֹד Heb. On the אָבְנָיִם ( Jer הָאָבְנָיִם, the people multiplied ( וַיִּרֶב ) ( אִישׁ ’ ” ( because., Heber, and four do not is to say: Prepare yourselves for this had comment! Provided rashi commentary exodus and food for them ( וַךְתֹּאמַרְןָ ), the seat of the wilderness of the Red sea reasons! Are different the word וַךְתְּחַיֶּיןָ is found in an old Rashi ) [..., 2018 Subject: this is not Rashi 's Commentary on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shaul.... Was commanded to talk to the rock to tail ( Jud לְפַרְעֹה פִּתֹם.